Found:  20 Items


An evaluation of a corporate or municipal bond's relative safety from an investment standpoint. It is the issuer's ability to repay principal and make interest payments.


Current, as with quotes or news.

Real-time Trade Reporting

A requirement imposed on Market Makers (and in some instances, non Market Makers) to report each trade immediately after completion of the transaction. Stocks traded are subject to real-time trade reporting within 90 seconds of execution.


A temporary downturn in economic activity, usually indicated by two consecutive quarters of a falling GDP (Gross Domestic Product).


The process of adjusting an account balance reported by a bank to reflect transactions that have occurred since the reporting date.

Red Herring

The preliminary prospectus of an offering. It usually doesn't include information on the final pricing if for an initial public offering (IPO).


The return of an investor's principal in a security, such as a bond, preferred stock or mutual fund shares. By law, redemption of the mutual fund shares must happen within seven days of receiving a request for redemption from the investor.

Redemption Value

The amount at which a prior charge is due to be repaid on the expiry of the loan period or on liquidation. Prior charges are usually repaid at par, but in some cases they may be redeemed above par as a bonus to holders.

Redemption Yield

Return on a fixed interest security or any investment with a known life expressed as an annual percentage. Redemption yield measures the capital as well as income return on investments with a fixed life.


The use of income or capital gain earned from an investment to purchase additional shares or parts of the investment.

Relative Return

The difference between the ABSOLUTE RETURN achieved by an investment and the return achieved by a comparable benchmark index, whether expressed as a CUMULATIVE or ANNUALISED RETURN. For example, if an investment in a fund invested in Asian equities (excluding Japan) earns an annualised absolute return of 10% pa over a 5 year period, and the MSCI ALL COUNTRY FAR EAST FREE EX JAPAN Index earns an annualised absolute return of 5% pa over the same period, the RELATIVE RETURN (annualised) is 5% pa. The fund has outperformed the comparable index by 5%.

Retail Price Index

Measure of the level of shop prices for goods. The inflation rate is the RPI's percentage increase usually compared with the same month the previous year. In the US the consumer price index does a similar job.


The profit (including capital gains and income) of an investment, expressed as a percentage of the invested capital.

Return on Assets

Indicator of the profitability of the company relatively to its total assets. Calculated by dividing a company's annual earnings by its total assets, displayed as a percentage.

Return on Equity

Indicator of profitability. Determined by dividing net income for the past 12 months by common stockholder equity (adjusted for stock splits). Result is shown as a percentage. Investors use ROE as a measure of how a company is using its money. ROE may be decomposed into return on assets (ROA) multiplied by financial leverage (total assets/total equity).

Return on Investment

The profit or loss resulting from an investment transaction, usually expressed as an annual percentage return.

Rights Issue

A method of raising additional capital by an issue of shares through the offer to existing shareholders of a preferential right to take them up in proportion to their current shareholdings at a price fixed by the directors.


The variability inherent in investment, speculative or trading activities. Shows that the chance that an investment's actual return will be different than expected. This includes the possibility of losing some or all of the original investment. Usually measured using historical returns or average returns.

Risk Analysis

A technique to identify and assess factors that may jeopardize the success of a project or achieving a goal. This technique also helps define preventive measures to reduce the probability of these factors from occurring and identify countermeasures to successfully deal with these constraints when they develop.

Risk Management

The process of identifying and evaluating risks and selecting and managing techniques to adapt to risk exposures.