Found:  14 Items

Electronic Data Interchange

The direct exchange of information electronically, from one firm's computer to another firm's computer in a structured format.

Electronic Trading

The process when customers can directly enter orders and receive reports and statements via the Internet. Also includes trading with terminals over the telephone.

Emerging Markets

Markets which have not traditionally been used as an equity base centre. Through envisaged growth, prospects of a particular area become attractive to the investor, e.g. Turkey, India, Latin America etc.


Shares of ownership in a corporation. Often used interchangeably with "stocks."


Investors'equity in a company is equal to the value of shares held. Home owners' equity equals the value of their house less any unpaid home-purchase loan. Negative equity occurs when the house is worth less than the debt on it.

Equity Fund

A mutual fund that invests primarily in common stocks.

Equity Options

Securities that give the holder the right (but not the obligation) to buy or sell a specified number of shares of stock, at a specified price for a certain (limited) time period.

Equity Risk

The risk that an investment will not achieve the expected return because the capital is not used to create sufficient profitability

Ethical Fund

A fund which invests only in companies that meet certain ethical or environmental criteria. There is however no set definition of 'ethical' and the approach adopted by each fund can vary.


An interest-bearing security issued across national borders, often in a currency other than that of the issuer's country of residence.


Securities traded in currencies other than the local currency, for example Eurobonds are US Dollar denominated securities traded outside the US.

ex Dividend

Ex div means that the buyer of a share is not entitled to the next dividend payment (it appears as xd in share listings); ex rights means not entitled to shares from a forthcoming rights issue; ex cap not entitled to a scrip issue; ex all not entitled to any of these. If the entitlement exists, the shares are cum div, cum rights, cum cap, cum all.

Exercise Price

The price at which a warrant holder is entitled to purchase the shares into which the warrant can be exercised.


The amount of a portfolio invested in a particular area. If you have US$10,000, and US$5,000 of it is invested overseas, you are said to have a 50 per cent overseas exposure. Currency exposure is the amount of a portfolio which is vulnerable to exchange rate fluctuations in a specific currency. For example, if a portfolio is 50% invested in the USA, it is 50% exposed to the dollar.